TYPE: Tonto Plain
AKA "Tonto Brown"
DATE: A.D. 1150 to 1400 (Oppelt, 2008;49)
COMMON FORMS: Bowls and jars.
COMMON COLORS: Dark to light brown, to orange to red. Red often difficult to determine not slipped.
TEMPER: At least twelve varieties and sub-varieties are described by Wood (1987;13-18), all with different paste recipes and many types of temper. The temper for tonto plain generally is large quartz grains often with gold mica throughout the paste that usually shows on surfaces.
KEY DIFFERENCES: Other than "pinch pots", vessels were made by the "coil and scrape" thinning method.
COMMENTS: Read the first two paragraphs in the article titled "Who were the Salado Ceramically?" in this web site to better understand Tonto Plain
1Y Salado Tonto Plain Vessel (pinch pot)
Approximate Dimensions: 1 1/8" by 7/8"
2Y Salado Tonto Plain Incised Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 3 1/4" by 2 1/8"
3Y Tonto Plain Knobbed Jar
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/4" by 5"
4N Tonto Plain Perforated Shallow Bowl or Putki, possibly
used as a base for making other ceramic vessels.
Approximate Dimensions: 13 1/2" by 3 7/8"
5Y Tonto Plain Duck Effigy Vessel with modern (1960's) restoration employing
a Gila Polychrome shard.
Approximate Dimensions: 9 3/4" by 8 3/8" by 6 1/2"
6Y Salado Tonto Plain Preforated Plate or "Puki". Approximate Dimensions: 12" by 2 5/8"
"Contextual clues and use wear suggest that preforated plates were used as base-molds in pottery making, or as potter's turntables." "The holes may have made the plates easier for potters to grip, or may have aided in the evaporation of water from pots being formed in them." "Regardless of their function, these objects, when found south of the Hopi Mesas, are markers of ancient migrations from Northern Arizona" Reference: (Lyons;2003) Archaeology Southwest, Vol. 17, no. 3, page 12.
This page last revised: 08/25/2012
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