TYPE: Tonto Polychrome
DATE: 1340 to 1450 A.D. (Neuzil & Lyons 2005;34)
COMMON FORMS: Bowls, jars.
COMMON BACKGROUND COLORS: Red and white.
TYPICAL COLOR SCHEME: Black on white on red. Often there are separate white and red slipped portions with black designs painted on the white.
BOWL DESIGN PLACEMENT: Interiors, exteriors, or both.
COMMON DESIGNS: Generally the same as Gila Polychrome.
KEY DIFFERENCES: Tonto Polychrome has red slip background color incorporated with black-on-white design. Tucson Polychrome usually has thick black lines outlined with thin white painted lines, whereas Tonto Polychrome usually has thick black lines painted on a white slip.
1Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Olla
Approximate Dimensions: 14 1/2" by 9 1/2"
2Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Olla
Approximate Dimensions: 12 1/2" by 10 5/8"
3N Salado Tonto Polychrome Olla
Approximate Dimensions: 15" by 11"
4Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Olla
Approximate Dimensions: 13 1/2" by 9 1/2"
An interpretation of this olla coincides with a Mesoamerican Myth.
One where "the moon and stars tried to kill the sun but were defeated. This drama reenacted daily with the sun's descent into the Underworld and subsequent rising the next morning after again overcoming these denizens of darkness." (Christman, 2002;35).
The red circle outlined by a barbed black line: THE SUN, low in the design (at this time a depiction of it's descent into the Underworld). On each side of the sun, solid red and black thick lines or "PATHWAYS" to follow in the sun's rising from the darkness to defeat the moon and the stars once again. With the MOON & STARS being represented by the negative circle and square dotted motifs. An extremely rare depiction of the Sun and Moon's daily battle on Native American Pottery.
5Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Olla
Approximate Dimensions: 13" by 10 1/2"
6N Salado Tonto Polychrome Vase
7N Salado Tonto Polychrome Bowl, with an unusual interior that is
slipped mostly red, then slipped white in the bottom.
Approximate Dimensions: 13 1/2" or 34.2 cm. by 7 1/8" or 18.1 cm.
8Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 7 5/8" by 5 1/2"
9Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 8" by 4 1/4"
10Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Double-Lobed Olla
Approximate Dimensions: 12" by 9"
11N Salado Tonto Polychrome Double-lobed Jar.
12N Salado Tonto Polychrome Mug
13N Salado Tonto Polychrome Parrot Effigy Vessel
14Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Parrot Effigy Vessel
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/8" by 3 1/2" by 4 1/4"
15N Salado Tonto Polychrome Square Jar
Approximate Dimensions: 6 5/8" by 5"
16Y Salado Tonto Polychrome Oval Bowl
Approximate Dimensions: 6 1/4" by 2 1/2" by 4 3/4"
This page last revised: 04/29/2013
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